The equipment is placed on the field as indicated in image number 1.
The players are positioned on the field as indicated in image number 2.
When the instructor blows the whistle, the referee and the assistant referee begin to perform the exercise as indicated in the numerical sequence.
When the referee crosses the halfway line, the instructor makes another signal to the players with the whistle, so that they can start the action.
In one half of the field, a player shoots at goal, whilst a teammate moves into an offside position blocking the goalkeeper’s view. In the other half, a teammate stands still blocking the goalkeeper’s view.
Once the action is finished, the referee and the assistant referee cool down for the indicated time and perform the same exercise in the opposite direction.
The work with the assistant referees is carried out on both sides of the field and starts simultaneously, but only the assistant referee concerned takes part in the technical decisions.
The referee starts the exercise from cone nº 1 with a forward run (10 m) to cone nº 2, followed by a rightwards side run (5 m) to cone nº 3, where he stops completely. Then, he carries on with a forward run (5 m) to cone nº 4, where he stops again. He continues with a forward run (5 m) to cone nº 5, and stops once more. He ends with a forward run towards the decision-making area, passing between the two cones on the halfway line.
The referee moves to the penalty area as quickly as possible to judge whether a player in an offside position becomes involved in active play by interfering with an opponent.
This is quite a demanding exercise (in terms of perceptive accuracy, number of players involved and the two tasks implied in it). Therefore, we do not deem it necessary to increase the level of difficulty. However, when the exercise is finished, the referee tells the technical instructor the reasons on which he has based his decision.
The assistant referee starts the exercise from cone nº 1 (5 m from the halfway line) with a forward run (10 m) to cone nº 2, followed by a forward run (5 m) to cone nº 3, where he stops completely. Then, he carries on with a forward run (5 m) to cone nº 4, where he stops again. He continues with a forward run (5 m) to cone nº 5 and stops once more. Finally, he continues with a forward run towards the decision-making area.
The assistant referee positions himself in line with the second last defender and helps the referee to make the correct decisions.
The assistant referee helps the referee to identify incidents and provides him with the necessary information.
In one half of the field there is an action 3v3. One adittional attacking player positions himself in an offside position near the edge of the goal area. Just before one of his teammates kicks the ball towards the goal, the player in the offside position moves to obstruct the view of the goalkeeper without touching or playing the ball.
A similar action occurs in the other half, although this time the player in the offside position does not move into the line of vision of the goalkeeper but stands still.
The instructor blows the whistle at 30 second intervals, coordinates the groups taking part in the exercise and controls the execution of the exercise technique.
The instructor positions himself in line with the second last defender, from where he can organise the players, analyse each situation and tell the referee and assistant referee his views regarding the decision made.
The instructor checks that the exercise is performed correctly. Where appropriate, he makes the relevant corrections.