The equipment is placed on the field as indicated in image number 1.
The players are positioned on the field as indicated in image number 2.
When the instructor blows the whistle, the referee and the assistant referee begin to perform the exercise as indicated in the numerical sequence.
When the referee crosses the halfway line, the instructor makes another signal to the players with the whistle, so that they can start the action.
An attacker passes the ball to a teammate, whilst another teammate comes back from an offside position. During the action, an attacker or a defender commits a foul. The distance from the referee can vary in each half of the field (closer / further).
Once the action is finished, the referee and the assistant referee cool down for the indicated time and perform the same exercise in the opposite direction.
The work with the assistant referees is carried out on both sides of the field and starts simultaneously, but only the assistant referee concerned takes part in the technical decisions.
The referee starts the exercise from cone nº 1 with a forward run (5 m) to cone nº 3. He turns to his left, continues with a forward run (5 m) to cone nº 2, and turns back. Then, he carries on with a forward run (10 m) to cone nº 4 and turns to his left with a forward run (5 m) to cone nº 3, where he turns to his right. He ends with a forward run towards the decision-making area, passing between the two cones on the halfway line.
The referee situates himself in a position that allows him to control the players, in order to identify the fouls committed.
This is quite a demanding exercise (in terms of perceptive accuracy, number of players involved and the two tasks implied in it). Therefore, we do not deem it necessary to increase the level of difficulty. However, when the exercise is finished, the referee tells the technical instructor the reasons on which he has based his decision.
The assistant referee starts the exercise from cone nº 1 (5 m from the halfway line) with a forward run (5 m) to cone nº 3. He turns and heads towards cone nº 2 with a forward run (5 m), where he turns again and runs forward (5 m) to cone nº 4. He finishes with a forward run towards the decision-making area.
The assistant referee decides whether the player in the offside position becomes involved in active play. He also helps the referee to identify fouls committed by the other players.
The assistant referee helps the referee and provides him with the necessary information to make the correct decision.
In one half of the field an attacking player, positioned about 20 metres from the goal line and near the assistant referee’s working area, passes the ball to a teammate just as the referee is passing between the cones on the halfway line. At that very moment, another attacking player comes back from an offside position to join the action, whilst a player (attacker or defender) commits a foul.
In the other half a similar action occurs, although this time it takes place on the opposite side from the assistant referee.
The instructor blows the whistle at 30 second intervals, coordinates the groups taking part in the exercise and controls the execution of the exercise technique.
The instructor positions himself in line with the penultimate defender, from where he can organise the players, analyse each situation and tell the referee and assistant referee his views regarding the decision taken.
The instructor checks that the exercise is performed correctly. Where appropriate, he makes the relevant corrections.